Computable and Faithful Lower Bound for Entanglement Cost

The sketch of entanglement manipulation assisted with LOCC.

Abstract

Abstract Quantum entanglement is a crucial resource in quantum information processing. However, quantifying the entanglement required to prepare quantum states and implement quantum processes remains challenging. This paper proposes computable and faithful lower bounds for the entanglement cost of general quantum states and quantum channels. We introduce the concept of logarithmic k-negativity, a generalization of logarithmic negativity, to establish a general lower bound for the entanglement cost of quantum states under quantum operations that completely preserve the positivity of partial transpose (PPT). This bound is efficiently computable via semidefinite programming and is non-zero for any entangled state that is not PPT, making it faithful in the entanglement theory with non-positive partial transpose. Furthermore, we delve into specific and general examples to demonstrate the advantages of our proposed bounds compared with previously known computable ones. Notably, we affirm the irreversibility of asymptotic entanglement manipulation under PPT operations for full-rank entangled states and the irreversibility of channel manipulation for amplitude damping channels. We also establish the best-known lower bound for the entanglement cost of arbitrary dimensional isotropic states. These findings push the boundaries of understanding the structure of entanglement and the fundamental limits of entanglement manipulation.

Publication
arXiv:2311.10649
Xin Wang
Xin Wang
Associate Professor

The main focus of my research is to better understand the limits of information processing with quantum systems and the power of quantum artificial intelligence.

Mingrui Jing
Mingrui Jing
PhD Student

I obtained my BS and MS degrees in physics from the University of Melbourne. My research interests include distributed quantum computing, quantum entanglement and quantum machine learning.

Chengkai Zhu
Chengkai Zhu
PhD Student

I obtained my BS in Applied Mathematics from China Agricultural University under the supervision of Prof. Zhencai Shen. I obtained my MS degree in Cyberspace Security from University of Chinese Academy of Sciences under the supervision of Prof. Zhenyu Huang. My research interests include quantum information theory and quantum computation.